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What does sleep study results mean?

Whilst a sleep study measures the number of times the airway is partially or completely blocked and counts these and then reports them as the number of times per hour there are difficulties with breathing, the other important factors from a sleep apnoea are what this does to the cardiovascular system such as heart rate …

How do I interpret my sleep study results?

Interpreting the AHI Scale Results

  1. Less than 5 (<5): Normal, no sleep apnea.
  2. 5-15: Mild sleep apnea.
  3. 15-30: Moderate sleep apnea.
  4. More than 30 (>30): Severe sleep apnea.

What are good numbers for sleep apnea?

The AHI is the number of times you have apnea or hypopnea during one night, divided by the hours of sleep.

  • Normal sleep: An AHI of fewer than five events, on average, per hour.
  • Mild sleep apnea: An AHI of five to 14 events per hour.
  • Moderate sleep apnea: An AHI of 15 to 29 events per hour.

What is a good sleep efficiency score?

Normal sleep efficiency is considered to be 80% or greater. For example, if a person spends 8 hours in bed (from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m), at least 6.4 hours or more should be spent sleeping to achieve an 80% or greater sleep efficiency. Most healthy and young adults have sleep efficiencies above 90%.

What can be diagnosed with a sleep study?

A sleep study is used to diagnose many sleep disorders, including:

  • Insomnia.
  • Sleep Apnea.
  • Restless Leg Syndrome.
  • Narcolepsy.
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder.
  • Sleepwalking.
  • Sleep Talking (Somniloquy)
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder.

How many awakenings per night is normal?

Waking up in the middle of the night is normal. Most of us experience mini-awakenings without even noticing them—up to 20 times per hour. When it comes to observable wake-ups, most people have about two or three per night.

What percentage should you be in each sleep stage?

3:28-3:59 of light sleep (44-51%) 1:44-2:00 of REM sleep (22-26%) 1:23-1:32 of deep sleep (17-20%) 0:43-0:50 awake (9-11%)

What are the 3 types of sleep apnea?

A person with sleep apnea stops breathing during sleep. There are three forms of sleep apnea: central, obstructive, and complex. The most common of these is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

What is considered severe sleep apnea?

You’re considered to have severe sleep apnea if your breathing stops and restarts more than 30 times an hour. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) measures obstructive sleep apnea to determine a range from mild to severe, based on the number of breathing pauses per hour you have while sleeping.

What is the highest sleep apnea score?

For an Apnea-Hypopnea Index from 5 to 15 denotes mild sleep apnea. Fifteen to 30 is moderate, while a greater than 30 is considered severe.

Will a sleep study show heart problems?

Using a test called polysomnography, your doctor can monitor your heart, lung and brain activity and other movements while you sleep. This study helps rule out other sleep disorders such as restless legs syndrome or narcolepsy.

What organs does sleep apnea affect?

If you have sleep apnea, you’re more likely to have fatty liver disease, liver scarring, and higher-than-normal levels of liver enzymes. Apnea can also worsen heartburn and other symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can interrupt your sleep even more.

Will a sleep study show insomnia?

Your doctor may suggest a sleep study if they think you have a sleep problem. Sleep studies help diagnose sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy, parasomnias or insomnia. They also check if certain treatments are working properly.

How many hours of sleep do you need for a sleep study?

In most cases, you do not need a full 6 hours of sleep for the doctor to make a diagnosis. There are several things you can do to help you sleep the night of your study. First consider waking a little earlier than usual on the day of your study. Do not take naps during the day.

What are the 5 types of sleep disorders?

5 Major Sleep Disorders

  • Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) RLS is a condition that causes your legs to move or shake because of an unpleasant sensation. …
  • Insomnia. …
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD) …
  • Sleep Apnea. …
  • Narcolepsy.

How long does it take to get sleep study results back?

Traditional sleep studies, often conducted in an overnight lab, are a great method for diagnosing sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea. Unfortunately, interpreting the results can take up to two weeks. For those seeking faster results with just as much accuracy, home sleep tests are growing in popularity.

What happens after being diagnosed with sleep apnea?

When you find out you have sleep apnea, your doctor will review your treatment options with you. Your doctor may suggest lifestyle changes, devices that open up your blocked airway, or surgery. Your doctor will base their recommendations on how mild or severe your sleep apnea is. Together, you’ll decide what to try.

Do they watch you during a sleep study?

A technician watches as you sleep via a discreet camera. It can be unsettling to sleep somewhere other than your own bed and know that you’re being monitored and observed. So it’s natural that you may feel some anxiety about the experience.

What happens after a home sleep study?

After the test, your results will be reviewed by a sleep technologist and sent to your physician. If symptoms persist, your physician might recommend an in-lab study. Home tests can sometimes be inaccurate: For instance, your sensors might fall off during the night. At a lab, a physician is on-site to monitor you.

What happens if you can’t sleep during a sleep study?

If you absolutely can’t sleep during your study, you may be able to take a sleeping pill. This is one of the questions to ask ahead of time. Unless you take a prescription sleep aid regularly, you’ll be able to use a light over the counter medication like melatonin or Benadryl.

What can make sleep apnea worse?

Things that can make sleep apnea worse include:

  • Being overweight. Extra pounds can mean more than a tight waistband. …
  • Drinking alcohol. It can relax your airway to the point that it gets blocked.
  • Some prescription medication. …
  • Other health conditions. …
  • Your sleeping position.

How accurate are at home sleep studies?

Under these guidelines, both in-lab polysomnography (PSG) and home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) were considered appropriate methods for obtaining diagnosis. According to one multi-center study of 264 patients, the NightOwlTM HSAT scored a 72% accuracy rating, compared to the traditional PSG tests done in sleep labs.

What foods cause sleep apnea?

5 Foods That Can Make Sleep Apnea Worse

  • Bananas. Bananas are full of healthful nutrients, and they are delicious. …
  • Refined Carbohydrates. Whole grain foods are great for your health because they contain lots of nutrients and contribute to satiety. …
  • Dairy. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Fatty Meats.

What are the warning signs of sleep apnea?

What are the signs and symptoms of sleep apnea?

  • Loud snoring.
  • Excessive daytime fatigue and sleepiness.
  • Abrupt awakenings while sleeping accompanied by gasping or choking.
  • Waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat.
  • Morning headache.
  • Difficulty focusing during the day.
  • Mood changes such as depression or irritability.

Does sleep apnea cause weight gain?

So, does having sleep apnea cause you to gain weight? For many, the answer is yes! The relationship between sleep apnea and weight gain is a vicious cycle – gaining weight can contribute to sleep apnea development, and having sleep apnea can cause you to gain weight.

Why do you urinate more with sleep apnea?

“It is known that untreated sleep apnea patients produce a larger urine volume at night,” he said. Also, the oxygen depletion that occurs in episodes of sleep apnea stimulate blood flow to the kidneys, Mensch said, and simply being awakened may also make people more aware of the need to pee.

Can you live a long life with sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is dangerous because if untreated, it leads to high blood pressure and is associated with an increased chance of heart attack, abnormal heart rhythms and heart failure. Studies have shown that sleep apnea can decrease life expectancy by several years.